Description Only cite references from the articles listed here. All return assignments are check for plagiarism prior to releasing payment. Our focus is on North Africa/ Southwest Asia region specifically around the ongoing war in Syria and rise and fall of the Islamic State (IS) (also known as “ISIL” or “ISIS”) in Syria and Iraq. One of the consequences of these two events in the region has been the widespread outflow of refugees fleeing Syria and Iraq and seeking asylum in other nations. A majority of the refugees are from Syria. As this United Nations website shows, the neighboring nations of Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey have accepted nearly 5 million Syrian refugees since the Syrian war began in 2011. A February 2016 New York Times article discusses the challenges that Jordan has experienced as a result of accepting such a large influx of Syrian refugees. These same challenges are also present in Lebanon and Turkey. Since summer 2014, an overwhelming number of Syrian refugees have also migrated to Europe. This Economist infographic https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2016/03/23/europes-migrant-crisis-in-numbers visualizes the total number of refugees who have entered Europe. As you will see, the refugees who have migrated to Europe are not only from Syria, but also many other nations as well. Many are seeking asylum as a result of conflicts in their own home nations. If you have been following this issue, then you are aware that there have been two aspects to the ongoing refugee crisis in Europe. The first issue is related to the number of refugees that have died as a result trying to migrate to Europe. As noted in this article from The Guardian (U.K.), https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/11/migrant-death-toll-rises-after-clampdown-on-east-european-borders many migrants have died from drowning trying to enter Europe from Turkey and across the Mediterranean Sea from North Africa. The second issue related to the European refugee crisis has been the tensions created in those European nations accepting large number of refugees. At the heart of this conflict are the total number of refugees that have arrived in these nations, and also the cultural differences that exist between Europeans and those refugees from North Africa/ Southwest Asia, Sub-Sahara Africa and Central Asia. A February 2016 op-ed in the Economist (File Attached) addresses the two issues described above and provides recommendations on how European nations can accept refugees without straining the social/economic resources of their country and by minimizing the tension as a results from cultural differences. This recent Economist article (File attached) also makes the case for European nations to permit refugees to seek and gain employment in the nation they are residing in. Finally, the PBS Frontline video link titled “Exodus”, https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/exodus-the-journey-continues/ which documents the challenges that refugees face as they migrate to Europe. The video footage is filmed by refugees as they make their way from their home country to Europe and it provides viewers with a very realistic perspective of the difficulties these refugees must contend with. Question 1. What is your opinion regarding the ongoing European refugee crisis? 2. Should European nations be willing to accept the total number of refugees that have arrived in Europe so far? 3. Should European nations put a limit on the total number of refugees they are willing to accept in the future? 4. If you believe that there should be limits on the total number of refugees that European nations should be willing to accept, what is a proper remedy for the remaining refugees who still would like to go to Europe but would not be allowed to because of limits?
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