The paper discusses the essence of the deployment of pharmacological prophylaxis in the prevention of venous thromboembolism within the context of the medical care environment.

1-Article Analysis

1-Article #1

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Kakkos, S. K., Caprini, J. A., Geroulakos, G., Nicolaides, A. N., Stansby, G., Reddy, D. J., & Ntouvas, I. (2016). Combined intermittent pneumatic leg compression and pharmacological prophylaxis for prevention of venous thromboembolism. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (9). Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/144577522.pdf

The paper discusses the essence of the deployment of pharmacological prophylaxis in the prevention of venous thromboembolism within the context of the medical care environment. A significant weakness in the paper is the lack of a consensus on combined modalities to make the analysis wholesome.

Article #2

Calder, J. D., Freeman, R., Domeij-Arverud, E., van Dijk, C. N., & Ackermann, P. W. (2016). Meta-analysis and suggested guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the foot and ankle surgery. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy24(4), 1409-1420. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00167-015-3976-y

The article discusses various methods that prove relevant to prevent venous thromboembolism. The weakness is that it uses a substantial sample to achieve its objective that may not be helpful in this study. It does not necessarily explain the impact of thromboprophylaxis infection undergoing major orthopedic surgery compared to the lack of thromboprophylaxis in venous thromboembolism.

Article #3

Liew, N. C., Alemany, G. V., Angchaisuksiri, P., Bang, S. M., Choi, G., DE, D. S., … & Suviraj, J. (2017). Asian venous thromboembolism guidelines: updated recommendations for the prevention of venous thromboembolism. International angiology: a journal of the International Union of Angiology, 36(1), 1-20. Retrieved from https://europepmc.org/abstract/med/27606807

The paper explains various methods that prove relevant to prevent venous thromboembolism. An issue is the lack of a discussion of the impact of thromboprophylaxis infection undergoing major orthopedic surgery compared to the lack of thromboprophylaxis in venous thromboembolism.

Article #4

Büller, H. R., Bethune, C., Bhanot, S., Gailani, D., Monia, B. P., Raskob, G. E., … & Weitz, J. I. (2015). Factor XI antisense oligonucleotide for prevention of venous thrombosis. New England Journal of Medicine372(3), 232-240. Retrieved from https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1405760

The article explains the use of factor XI antisense oligonucleotide that proves relevant to prevent venous thromboembolism and shows that reducing levels of factor XI reduces VTE. On the contrary, it does not explain the impact of thromboprophylaxis infection undergoing major orthopedic surgery compared to the lack of thromboprophylaxis in venous thromboembolism.

Article #5

Kim, J. Y., Khavanin, N., Rambachan, A., McCarthy, R. J., Mlodinow, A. S., De Oliveria, G. S., … & Mahvi, D. M. (2015). Surgical duration and risk of venous thromboembolism. JAMA surgery150(2), 110-117. Retrieved from https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamasurgery/fullarticle/1984239

The document explains various methods that prove relevant to prevent venous thromboembolism. It shows that the correlation between VTE and surgical intervention implies an increase in one increases the other. On the contrary, it fails to give a succinct explanation to the impact of thromboprophylaxis infection undergoing major orthopedic surgery compared to the lack of thromboprophylaxis in venous thromboembolism.

Article #6

Barber, E. L., & Clarke-Pearson, D. L. (2017). Prevention of venous thromboembolism in gynecologic oncology surgery. Gynecologic oncology144(2), 420-427. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5503672/

The article explains various methods that prove relevant to prevent venous thromboembolism. The paper majorly focuses on gynecologic oncology surgery as a way of giving the necessary recommendations from the perspective of the study. On the contrary, it fails to provide a succinct explanation for the impact of thromboprophylaxis infection undergoing major orthopedic surgery compared to the lack of thromboprophylaxis in venous thromboembolism.

 

 

2-Article 1

Jilani, S. M., Frey, M. T., Pepin, D., Jewell, T., Jordan, M., Miller, A. M., … Reefhuis, J. (2019). Evaluation of state-mandated reporting of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome – six states, 2013-2017. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 68(1), 6–10. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6801a2

This article is a great resource of information for my project. It offers the information on severity of the problem new generation is facing as well as it offers insight on importance of trained staff. The weak part is, that only 6 states were chosen for the survey and does not provide the reason why those states were chosen and possibly creating a bias.

Article 2

Suarez, M. A., Horton-Bierema, W., & Bodine, C. E. (2018). Challenges and resources available for mothers in opiate recovery: A qualitative study. Open Journal of Occupational Therapy (OJOT), 6(4), 1–8. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.15453/2168-6408.1483

This article offers insight on challenges mothers with newborn face and what their children go through. While the article is mostly about mothers and their feelings it supports the idea of improving community education about the importance of starting the treatment during pregnancy.

Article 3

Mahdavi Khaki, Z., AbbasZadeh, A., Rassoli, M., & Zayeri, F. (2015). Evaluation of nursing care associated with infants born to mothers with drugs abuse and its comparison with the standards in selected hospitals in Kerman 2013-2014. Journal of Medicine & Life8, 295. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edb&AN=129161724&site=eds-live&scope=site

The strength of the article is in supporting evidence of quality nursing care of newborns and the importance of nursing proficiency leading to improved outcome. Another positive factor is that it shows the drug abuse is not prevalent only in the US but also in other countries of the world. The shortcoming was in specifying what tools the nurses used to evaluate the infants signs and symptoms of drug abuse.

Article 4

MacMullen, N. J., Dulski, L. A., & Blobaum, P. (2014). Evidence-based interventions for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Pediatric Nursing40(4), 165–203. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ccm&AN=103762898&site=eds-live&scope=site

This research article is somewhat weak support for my work, but supportive evidence of proper assessment and nursing intervention leads to improved outcome. It shows what kind of assessment and grading tool was used and how effective it was in the assessment of the abstinence syndrome.

Article 5

Cook, C. L., Dahms, S. K., & Meiers, S. J. (2017). Enhancing care for infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome: An evidence-based practice approach in a rural midwestern region. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing14(5), 422–423. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1111/wvn.12217

This article provides excellent support to prove that quality of education and introduction of the evidence-based practice will improve the recognition of the NAS, reporting and provide education to families. The authors offer ways to educate the staff and provide adequate resources for the staff to use as needed.

Article 6

Lucas, K., & Knobel, R. (2012). Implementing practice guidelines and education to improve the care of infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Retrieved from http://ovidsp.dc2.ovid.com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/sp-3.33.0b/ovidweb.cgi?&S=CPIKFPHLBGEBAABJJPDKPHBHCKDLAA00&Link+Set=S.sh.22%7c7%7csl_10&Counter5=SS_view_found_article%7c00149525-201202000-00011%7cyrovft%7covftdb%7cyrovftm&Counter5Data=00149525-201202000-00011%7cyrovft%7covftdb%7cyrovftm

Approval of standardized assessment tool by nursing staff has proven to be effective for identifying and diagnosing the infants with NAS. It also shows how subjective assessment can lead to poor outcomes. The possible weakness of the article is in using only one assessment tool (Finnegan’s) not showing which tool is better.

 

3-Hi a, you have an interesting topic, but what I do not see the relevance of the articles and nursing related interventions. Since I do not know your picot, and I do not work in your field, I am wondering how that information will improve nursing care. I had to change my topic for the final project due to the same issue- it was more medical related than nursing. Can you elaborate more on how the above information is related to nursing? Lenka

 

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